In 2010, European seniors stood at almost 120 million. In 2035, they should stand at 150 million, as a result of the increase of life expectancy and the increasing number of Baby-boomers who have become seniors.
The population has aged throughout Europe. The Baby-boom generation (born between 1945 and 1964) is now between the ages of 51 and 70 years old. In Germany, such phenomenon took place in the 1930s. Women would give birth to an average of 2.5 children in 1939, not because of pronatalist measures by the Nazi regime but because a return to price stability after years of hyperinflation.
Seniors Outnumber Young People in Germany
Over the last few years, the United Kingdom, France and Belgium have had similar demographic dynamics. The French birth rate (relationship between the number of live births and the average total population during the year) was 12%, whilst that of Belgium and of the United Kingdom was of 11.7% and 12.3%, respectively. Germany, which experienced the Baby-boom period earlier than its neighbours, saw a decrease in the number of births: 14% fewer births compared to France in 2015, while between 1950 and 1960, the country registered an additional ⅓ of births each year. Germany’s current birth rate is of around 8%.
Germany is in a delicate situation with a birth rate lower than its death rate (negative natural balance) which translates into having far more seniors than young people. Hence, the global population has plummeted since 2003. Germany has become the laboratory on ageing for European countries, just like Japan in Asia.
For more information regarding evolution of age groups between 2015 and 2035, please click on the following link: Number of seniors by age group between 2015 and 2035 in France, the United Kingdom, Belgium and Germany
– Tables: UK, Belgium and Germany: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population division (2015). World Population Prospects: The 2015 Revision, DVD Edition; Seniosphere/France: Insee, projections de population 2005-2050, Seniosphère Council
– Ined: Population & societies/ France-Germany: A demographic crossover
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