2019 Demographic Profile: An Increasing Number of Seniors in Europe

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New year, new statistics. What are the life expectancy and age pyramids in France, Belgium, United Kingdom and Germany?

Out of the four countries studied, France is where the life expectancy is the longest. It is also where the difference between the life expectancy of men and women is the most significant (5.9 years) – 2018 data.

Life expectancy France UK Belgium Germany

It is in Flanders, in Belgium, that the life expectancy is the highest : 82,2 years old to 81,2 for Bruxelles area and 79,8 for Flanders (2017 data).

In the United Kingdom, the life expectancy has been stagnating, or even going down in Wales and Scotland. In both countries, the average life expectancy has shrunk by one month for both men and women. In Northern Ireland, the shorter life expectancy only concerns men. These figures could be explained by a flu epidemic.
Out of the four nations making up the United Kingdom, Scotland has the shortest life expectancy: 77 years for men and 81.1 years for women (2017). England has the longest: 79.5 years for men and 83.1 years for women.

In Germany, at the time of the reunification, the life expectancy of Eastern Germany residents was three years shorter than in the West. The gap is gradually closing and tends to disappear completely: in 2013, it was only 1.3 years for men and .2 years for women.

An Ever Increasing Number of Seniors

With the lower rate of fertility and the increase in life expectancy, people over 50 represent an increasing share of the population. It is in Germany that this is the most visible.

Here are the projected age pyramids for 2019 in France, Belgium, the United Kingdom and Germany:

Sources :
Insee, Statbel, OMS
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